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Energy

Governor Cuomo Launches Biggest Public Electric Vehicle Fast-Charging Facility in the Northeast Now Accessible at the JFK Airport

The Governor of California, Andrew M. Cuomo, said that John F. Kennedy International Airport, Queens, now operates as the biggest publicly accessible high-speed electric car station situated in the Northeast. The 10-port charging facility is part of the Joint Initiative of the New York Power Authority as well as New York Port Authority and New Jersey, which will cut the environmental impact of the New York state as well as improve air quality through the integration of electric cars technology across JFK and the LaGuardia airports. The Electric vehicles hub will help decarbonize the transport industry as well as reduce carbon emissions by 85 percent by the year 2050, a target set by the climate leadership and community protection law of the Governor, and bring the state of New York a new inch ahead to a clean energy future. The EV charging center will be compatible with all the current fast-charging EV models.

“We make electric vehicles easier for more people in New York to use,” says Governor Cuomo. “We reduce emissions directly as well as help shape the course towards a healthier environment.” “Cutting pollution from automobiles is a necessity in the Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act, as well as with initiatives such as the super quick charging station located at the JFK; we are guaranteeing the facilities required to meet our ambitious plans is in place.” Local Electric car drivers and drivers commuting to and from the airport are provided with the DCFC (Direct Current Fast Charger) hub. They can provide a vital resource to ever more efficient New York City taxis and rideshare cars. The project was finalized as a component of the state-wide NYPA charge network EVolve NY which is built along major tourist corridors and urban areas to attract more tourists to power the EVs.

In the West Cell Phone Parking lot north east corner, situated off the Van Wyck Expressway, 10 JFK chargers with a high-speed of 150kW have been mounted on the way to the main terminals of the airport, and they can quickly be accessed.  The platform is for public access, taxis, rideshare drivers, and the own e-vehicles travel fleets of the Port Authority. Such quick chargers augment the medium-speed (Level 2) loaders with slower charging speeds already in the airport’s indoor car parks. Four Tesla adapters are now available at the new public charging site DCFC, allowing the center to load any electric fast charging car.

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Space

Schematics Behind SpaceX’s Reusable Falcon Thruster

A recent mission launch from SpaceX’s launchpad is the latest talk in the space exploration scene. The launch marks SpaceX’s 26th launch this year, the highest number of launches recorded in a single year by the company. However, this launch not only gains novelty for being the launch of the highest number for the company, but it is also the third launch handed by SpaceX’s trusted Falcon 9 booster rocket. The rocket is a marvel as it sets to show SpaceX’s vision for reusable rocket parts is possible.

The booster works by blasting to space and guiding itself back to earth, different from traditional thrusters that crashed ago, rendering them unusable. The booster managed to land at SpaceX has designated Cape Canaveral Space Force Station. This launch marks the booster’s 50th operation since 2015, when the company first tested its booster recovery technology.

The engine’s return landing works by conducting self-correcting burns on its way down using a combination of thrusts slowly descending to touch down on its prescheduled landing pad. The engine first detaches itself from the primary cargo to do a balancing dance routine of thrusts. The launch took advantage of SpaceX’s land-based landing pad, although the company has a backup of drone landing ships, namely “Of Course I Still Love You” and the other “Just Read the Instructions.” 

Both ships were unavailable following their involvement, returning previously launched thrusters. “Just Read the Instructions” is currently returning the previously launched thruster that launched the Sirius XM satellite mission. Meanwhile, “Of Course I Still Love You” sits on standby, waiting for engagement following a scheduled launch in the future. The ships land the collected thrusters at the Florida based port Canaveral then scheduled for transportation back to SpaceX Centre for examination before being repurposed for the next launch.

However, the launch gained most recognition from being shrouded in mystery following a directive launch from the National Reconnaissance Office. This launch was unique as it marked the second stance of the agency’s deviation from dependency on the government launch systems for less costly alternatives. The first NRO-SpaceX launch occurred in May 2017 during the NROL-76 mission. 

This Falcon 9 rocket launch also marks SpaceX’s deviation from a predefined tradition of firing up the engines for a test. The company usually holds down the rock to the pad and conducts a routine test on all nine rocket engines to ascertain their functionality. However, for this launch, SpaceX chose to skip the test, opting to go for a straight launch.

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Energy

The reasons why EVs are the next frontier

Some people have been steadily moving from conventional diesel cars to electric cars, but it’s been a thrilling move for others. Nevertheless, some well-informed customers watch patterns travel and get more details before they plunge. Electric cars have never been better, sportier, or more thrilling to travel, with growing creativity and environmental consciousness. EVs also have less maintenance and fuel expense and innovations like instant acceleration, quiet ride, and luxury quality. And finally, consumers achieve community pride and accountability by developing a safer and cleaner world. EVs have attracted the interest of car enthusiasts and travelers for specific reasons.

Additionally, the total cost of EV acquisition is less than vehicles fuelled by petrol. Take gasoline prices into account: assume clients drive 15, 000 kilometers per year and 25 kilometers per gallon with each gallon at $3.50. The cost of operating the car is $2,100 a year. The same kilometers will be used in an electric vehicle of 3.5 miles per kWh only about 4,300 kWh and values less than $475 per annum for 11 cents every kWh. Not to overlook the cost reductions on upkeep; oil adjustments, belts, and engine replacements are increasingly coming together. Governmental tax deductions are also available for up to $7,500 and extra tax credits like many EV designs are available in a variety of countries. The original sale value of the current EV thus offers substantial savings.

The pollution gain of hybrid and plug-in electric automobiles can be substantial over traditional. Vehicle design and form of the hybrid system differ in terms of advantages from HEV pollutants. No thrust pollutants are emitted by EVs and no thrust emissions in all-electric mode are produced by PHEVs. An energy supply, which varies by area, will be used for the service life emissions of an EV or PHEV. Plug-in cars usually provide a life cycle benefit in geographical regions and utilize comparatively low sources of energy for producing power, versus comparable traditional vehicles using fossil fuels. PHEVs and EVs could be of little substantial value to pollution from the life cycle of areas that rely heavily on traditional electricity production. 

To evaluate the carbon emissions of specific car models in a particular region, utilize the energy sources and emission method. In plug-in electric cars, the sophisticated battery modules are meant for a better quality of life but will inevitably wear out. Most plug-in auto companies give battery assurances of 8-year/100,000-mile.

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Space

The return of Chang’e-5

People have often gazed at the stars, curious at the essence of the visible things in the darkness of space. By designing satellites and making progress in computing and other technology in the 20th century, the rocket launched the equipment, humans, and animals beyond the Earth’s surface. However, even before electronics, space travel has already caught many individuals’ eyes, not only airplane pilots and researchers but also authors and musicians. 

Additionally, in reaction to alleged threats by the United States, China started nuclear and missile programs. Nevertheless, China’s first spacecraft crew started some years later after Yang Liwei’s effective 2003 flight onboard Shenzhou 5 resulted in a rapid technological advancement phase. This success rendered China the third nation to launch human beings into orbit independently. Proposals involve a secure space station for China in 2022 and crewed Lunar missions. The officials have proposed lengthy plans to use earth-moon trajectory for economic production. 

On the other hand, following an effective entrance and arrival of the Chang’e-5 return spacecraft, China recovered useful moon specimens. In the grassland of Banner, at 12:59 p.m., the spacecraft, which contains about two kilograms of bored and gobbled moon content, settled. The rescue vehicles found the capsule immediately after landing.

The recovery completes the 23-day Chang’e-5 space portion designed to sample crystal fossils, which were considered thousands of years earlier than those previously supported by other space countries like the Apollo. Although the samples are sent to a specially built facility, Chang’e-5 provides additional investigation, examination, and preservation in Beijing.

Given autonomous space technology, the project was China’s greatest challenge. The Chang’e-5 and the recent major Chang’e flights were initially intended as the third of 3 stages towards circling the surface, landing, and sampling the Moon. The expanded lunar scanning process includes Chang’e-7 and 8 moon landing programs in the upcoming years. It is intended to set up an International Lunar Research Station as a prerequisite for astronaut landing sites in the early to late 2020s. Sample reversal technologies and experiences from Chang’e-5 are therefore to be used for specimen reversal flights around the planet, asteroid, and Mars earlier in the year. Observers expect the difficulty of the Chang’e-5 task model to be tied to potential moon aspirations. Authentication of the sample age supports theories of advanced eruptions in certain parts of the Moon, and compositional research can offer guidance into its explanations.

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Energy

The time has reached for the electric cars

When more governments agree to shorten the timelines for banning internal combustion car sales along with more and more automakers introducing all-electric vehicles in all price ranges, the demand finally seems to be beginning to shift: the U.K.’s interest in this type of vehicle has risen by 500 percent, while Europe-wide sales have reached half a million units by 2020. Getting friends who have purchased an electric vehicle is becoming more popular.

Tesla is currently worth $500 billion, while Volkswagen, which has established Europe’s largest electric vehicle manufacturing facility, has begun the sale of its ID.3, which was the region’s best-selling electric car in October. In the electric market, manufacturers such as BMW and G.M. are growing their goals, while 28 corporations are introducing ZETA, the Zero Emissions Transportation Alliance, a lobby with the primary goal of developing a social, economic, and political climate that will enable electric cars to account for 100% of U.S. sales by 2030.

In Europe, considering the structure of the grid, electric cars are now 3 times cleaner than their gas counterparts. They are not worried about the number of electric cars rapidly increasing in California. Still, they are being suggested as solutions to the state’s electricity supply system’s challenges. Indeed, some automakers have already deserted the proposal of Donald Trump, which aimed to soften the stringent pollution regulations of California: what occurs in California, the biggest automobile sector in the United States as well as one of the largest in the world, generally has a significant effect on the automotive industry.

The deadline for the ban on the selling of diesel and gas cars to 2030 has also been pushed forward by Japan, which has officially announced a climate emergency. This raises the alarm in Australia, which still moves to the left, but does not have an automotive industry. If it does not keep pace, the correct drive fossil fuel vehicle demand may be seriously undersupplied. There is now enormous competition in electric cars and battery technologies: a recent period in which the use of incremental developments has rendered this type of car a logical choice for the future, often related to the advancement of autonomous driving.

It is time to fundamentally re-imagine the car industry’s future around hybrid cars, a fact long rejected by critics as well as petrol-heads. Whether you’re thinking about purchasing a car, you may want to decide whether your preference should be a petrol or diesel model as all countries around the world are setting out deadlines to forbid their selling and ultimately eliminate them from the roads but in the meantime place further limits on their use. We are approaching an era that will see one of the biggest technological advances in the history of humanity, and it will occur within the next several years right before your eyes. Don’t say that you’ve not been warned.

Categories
Space

Blue Origin establishes an Advisory Board

Blue Origin is setting up an advisory board to advise the organization on its long-term view of space growth, including a retired Air Force secretary as well as retired NASA center managers. The corporation revealed on December 1 that, as per a firm statement, it was setting up a 7-person advisory board that would offer “strategic advice on the organization’s goals to significantly lower the cost of space access and the use of the in-space services.” Bob Smith, who serves as the chief executive officer of Blue Roots, said the board would support the mission in the future, offer them counsel on their strategic projects as well as function as technical consultants to their management team.

Many of the board members are retired government employees as well. They entail Heather Wilson, a retired Air Force Secretary; Kari A. Bingen, a former Deputy Undersecretary who was in charge of Defense for the Intelligence and Security; and former Deputy Director of the Office of National Reconnaissance, Maj. Gen. Sue Mashiko. Charles Elachi, retired NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Chief, as well as Todd May, retired NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Director, is on the advisory board. 

The board’s structure suggests that they will help Blue Origin attract more government work. For the National Security Space Launch Phase 2 race, Blue Origin submitted the Latest Glenn launch vehicle yet lost to Unified Launch Alliance and SpaceX. Blue Origin is among the three NASA HLS (Human Landing System) award companies to build crewed lunar landers for the agency’s Artemis program. Still, NASA will probably not get the full support it requested for Human Landing System in its budget plan for the 2021 financial year needed to hold the program on track.

Why they wanted these people to be part of the advisory board was not revealed by Blue Origin. A company source, talking on the background, stated that it selected individuals best matched with its values as an organization, offered experiences and viewpoints that they need, and reflected their market diversity. Also, the organization did not share specifics about how the board would operate. A company source further said daily board meetings with the Blue Origin management and additional talks would take place as required.

The board of advisory full roster will include Kari A. Bingen, Dr. Charles Elachi, Dr. Dan Hastings, Maj. Gen. Sue Mashiko, Todd May, Bill Smith, and Hon. Heather Wilson, who serves as President at the University of Texas, served as Secretary of the United States Air Force and also was in the House of Representatives. 

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Space

Japanese space booster hosting pristine asteroid samples has docked in Australia

Humans have successfully returned to Earth with asteroid samples for two times now. The space booster carrying these pristine asteroid pieces of Ryugu landed at the Woomera Prohibited Area approximately 500 kilometers northwest of Australia’s Adelaide city. The samples came down from the asteroid via Japan’s Hayabusa2 mission, which was observing the pristine asteroid Ryugu close to one year ending November last year. 

The previous Hayabusa2 spacecraft successfully returned to Earth with rock samples of the Itokawa asteroid over ten years ago. Nevertheless, the first Hayabusa spacecraft collected about 100 mg of sample material from a C-type asteroid. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) executives revealed that their studies indicated the materials of Earth’s rock samples, the ocean, and other life are like pieces separated from the solar system’s contact unit. The officials added that the samples they have collected from these asteroids would reveal to them the likely evolution of the solar system to what it has become. 

The Hayabusa2 spacecraft weighing 690 kilograms was first deployed six years ago before a similar mission took the waves two years ago, venturing Ryugu. The spacecraft explored Ryugu sending numerous mini-missions called MASCOT (Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout) probes to the asteroid’s surface to scoop the samples and bring them back to the spacecraft. These mini-missions are a product of the partnership between the German Aerospace Center and the French space agency CNES. 

The primary Hayabusa2 space ship conducted two voyages to the Ryugu surface. The first mission took plenty of the asteroid’s surface material after plucking 10 meters into the surface. The next mission gathered the material that they recently ploughed on the asteroid. The samples from the two trips are isolated in different units for comparison purposes since these materials are products of weathering by space radiation and the other a result of ploughing into the deep of the asteroid. 

The samples started making their way back to Earth via the spacecraft in November last year. JAXA officials narrated that Hayabusa2 spacecraft made a trajectory burn heading for Earth before another maneuver keeping them in the projection to land on Earth. The spacecraft finally landed on Earth this year with the help of a parachute. The recovery crew collected the booster via a helicopter. The review team will be transferring the samples to the JAXA’s Extraterrestrial Sample Curation Center in Japan for further analysis. The center is designed to gather cosmic material and studying them to increase the body of knowledge in this sector. 

Finally, the JAXA officials are preparing to receive the samples collected from Mars in the Martian Moons Exploration (MMX) that will be happening four years from now. The mission will recover the samples and drop them to Earth for further experimentation. 

Categories
Space

UK scientists will be using Earth observation satellite to handle climate change

The previous 20 years have witnessed space impacting the mitigation of climate change problems in different dimensions. Satellites have become a key tool in ocean mapping by recording the rise in sea level every year. Sea level rising is a danger to coastal habitants since the water may spill over to their households anytime. Therefore, researchers and experts in climate change mitigation operations have to analyze and explain to the people in these areas that the coastline is changing to enable them to find suitable habitats.

UK’s Space Agency funding is going to finance the experts working on the resolution of the climatic problems. These experts and researchers include the Met Office and National Oceanography Centre operators who will be heading the quest on the rising sea level studies and the measures that they can implement to overturn this challenge.

The Sentinel-6 satellite deployed this month will be circumnavigating the Earth 800 miles above it. This satellite will gather data that the scientists and experts require concerning oceans, weather predictions through its elements, and climate analysis through the next twenty years.

The head of the Science Ministry, Amanda Solloway, explained that monitoring the rise in sea levels is crucial in mitigating global warming. She added that the satellite technology would generate comprehensive data that the scientists, researchers, and meteorologists can extrapolate to predict changing weather patterns. This move would help them advise the citizens and the government to strategize adequately for the incoming storms, hurricanes, floods, and other weather changes require green energy adoption.

The UK cashes its resources on flood and coastal defence programs. The deployment of Sentinel-6 satellite will help the country in obtaining real data about sea levels and forecast its rise and changes in the speed of ocean water. The country will be prepared to tackle the risks associated with changes in sea level and waves. 

The chief scientist at the Met Office Hadley Centre, Dr Matthew Palmer, stated that the changes in sea level create natural problems which the country can overcome by letting nature take its course. Palmer added that they had gained a versatile understanding of the changes in sea level globally.

The chief of Ocean Forecasting R&D, John Siddon, articulated that the altimeter satellites are essential in ocean analysis and sea-level rise forecasts. He explained that the Sentinel-6 satellites would continue to dispatch crucial data to help scientists through the coming decade to educate various agencies on how they should behave in desperate times.

Finally, Christine Gommenginger of the National Oceanography Centre revealed that the data obtained from the satellite could also help fishers and sea fanatics stay far from the sea when the weather shifts to preventing catastrophes. She added that the versatile data from numerous satellites in space would help the scientists understand the changes accompanying the oceans.

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Energy

Why are stocks of renewable energies soaring?

The move to renewable energy stocks has grown over the last few years, as large established firms and the smaller firms are continuing to make investment in green initiatives. Companies including SolarEdge Technologies Inc. and Sunrun Inc. are getting some benefits from this change from the high carbon fuels to the clean and the renewable energy stocks, with stocks up about 300% and 200% respectively. They have easily conquered the market, and they have outperformed the Big Tech firms, including Facebook, Apple, and Amazon. There has been an estimation that $11 Trillion will get invested in the new Power generation Technologies by the year 2050. 

So, what has spurred this great rise in renewable energy stocks? What is the best way for investors to be able to capitalize on its development? Among the key reasons for the strong success of the green energy stocks right now is that the market is rising rapidly. The need for green technologies is at an all-time high due to the increasing emphasis on sustainability and climate change. Currently, about 25% of the World’s electricity is from renewable sources. 

In its base case, International Energy Agency sees the renewable energy generation capacity increasing to around 30% by the year 2024 under the base-case scenario, which is driven by the cost reductions as well as advances in digital technologies. Solar will have the brightest future; the IEA is estimating with this technology expected to fuel most of that development. The swelling demand for environmental investment or socially conscious investment is another reason green energy stock is gaining momentum with new buyers (SRI). According to Morningstar, in the US, $20.9 billion poured into renewable funds in the first half of 2020.

The story was the same in Europe, with the European Sustainable funds attracting a record inflow of €54.6 billion in the 2020’s second quarter. This was more than twice the inflows that were registered in 2020’s first quarter. In Australia, the responsible as well as sustainable funds representing about 37% of the nation’s $3 trillion investment into well managed Assets. Once a niche field in finance, sustainable investing has grown to become a mainstream investment practice, and clean energy stocks are gaining. 

Investors are also now focused on the fact that many big cities around the World are committed to being net-zero-carbon cities by 2050. As part of UN Race to Zero Initiative, more than 425 cities globally have vowed to become carbon-neutral, including Copenhagen, Melbourne, Oslo, London, Vancouver, and Sydney, as well as 1,101 firms including Ford and Facebook, 45 of the largest investors and 549 Universities. 

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Energy

More policies needed by California to help move communities to renewable energy

In 2018, Desirous goals were laid out by California that would help to transform the energy system of the state. The SB 100 Bill directed that by 2045 all power generating companies to produce their energy from zero-emission sources. Therefore, companies such as Pacific Gas and Electric and Southern California Edison hope to work with the state and consumers to help them shift from gas apparatus to electric appliances. 

However, researchers from UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability say that electrifying appliances would not have a significant impact in decreasing greenhouse gas emissions, suggesting that the state’s electric grid would be converted if the state fully embraces power usage from renewable sources only. 

The UCLA professor in residence, Stephanie Pincetl, said that the study’s main purpose was to understand the major hindrances to electrification, especially when carbon emissions and climate change are rising. 

Stephanie said that in California, full buildings’ electrification is a crucial policy goal though it needs a wide understanding of the repercussions, more so to the low-income communities. 

In their study, the UCLA researchers analysed the low-incomes’ gas usage patterns in 17,072 households in the area served by the Southern California Gas Company and compared those patterns with the average usage of the area served by Southern California Edison.

The study showed that electricity and gas consumption is the same, both in the mornings and evenings. However, the study also found that gas is mostly used in winter for heating and during summer to fuel water heaters, washing machines, ovens, and stoves. 

The study also found that cost is another factor that could hinder the transition. For instance, in Southern California, gas is much less expensive than electricity by four to six times. 

The following are some of the solutions to these challenges:

  • More emphasis should be given to replacing gas appliances in many areas. This would help grid transitions to renewables since the consumers would be released the burden for power’s high prices. 
  • The state regulators and lawmakers should give low-income households incentives to buy electric appliances to be able to replace the gas-powered appliances and the incentives to aid the low-income households to be able to cover the costs of operating the new appliances as they would use energy, which is a bit costly. 
  • California storage capacity for renewable power should be expanded. The major of power used during peak hours is the gas, but there is a need for gas plants to be restructured to meet the SB 100 Bill goals. 

Research Director for the California Center for Sustainable Communities at UCLA, Eric Fournier, said that there is much need to pursue storage and renewables efficiently.